BUDDHA (563 BC – 483 BC)
Buddha statue from the Gandhara-culture (1st century, Pakistan) Español: Gandhara, siglo I. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Gautama Buddha real name Prince Siddhartha founder of Buddhism, one of the world’s major religions. Son of the king of Kapilavastu, northeast India. bordering Nepal. Self Siddhartha (Gautama of the Sakya clan clan) supposedly born in Lumbini which now includes the territory of Nepal. Married at the age of sixteen with a cousin the same age. Raised in a luxurious palace, Prince Siddhartha not feel at home with good living careless, and dogged feeling very unsatisfied. From the window of a glittering palace to see him out and he could see the poor people lying in the streets, do not eat breakfast late, or not being able to eat at all. Day after day chasing an endless need for affordable living like a bundle of wheat in the ass hanging in the muzzle. Tarolah that the trash. While the dispossessed were frequently kehinggapan discontent, anxious anxiety, disappointment and melancholy as a disease-round haunted every time dragged him to the grave. Siddhartha thought, this situation must dirobah. It must be realized the meaning of life in the sense of the word, and not merely a temporary pleasure that always overshadowed by the suffering and death.
When twenty-nine years old, shortly after her first son was born, Gautama decided he must leave his palace life and mengharnbakan themselves to the search for the real truth is not gilding. Think not just think, but act. With merry way he left the palace, without bringing along children’s chant, without bringing any goods and possessions, and became homeless with not a penny in my pocket. The first step, for a time, he was pursuing knowledge of the wise men were there at the time and after feeling quite bagging science, he came to the conclusion the level of dissatisfaction of human problem solving.
Statue representing Siddhartha Gautama. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Commonly assumed, was an ascetic path to true wisdom. On the basis of the assumption that Gautama tried to become a hermit, years of fasting and abstinence like hell. Eventually he realized behavior torture yourself just blur the edges of mind, and instead leads closer to the real truth. Thought had thought, he decided it’d better eat like a normal human being and stop all kinds imprisoned because the act was not only useless but can make a skinny body, sluggish, eyes fireflies, drowsiness, rheumatic pain, not even close to Dingle.
In the quiet solitude serene he struggled with the problem of human livelihood. Finally, one night, when he was sitting under a tree and the fruit of the broad-leaved pear shape semacarn laden seeds of all kinds, then berdatanganlah puzzle of life issues as falling on him. All night Siddhartha pondered deeply and when the sun broke the eastern horizon he gasped in unison and are confident that unresolved issues are complex and the time he began to call himself the Buddha “who was given illumination.”
At that age turned thirty five years. The rest of the age of forty-five years dipergunakannya traveled throughout northern India, spreading his new philosophy in front of audiences who are willing to listen. When he died, in 483 BC, had hundreds of thousands of followers of the teachings. Though his words are not written about yet-petuahnya maxim memorized by many of his followers outside the head, passed down from one generation to the next through the mouth only.
Basic Buddhism can be summarized in what the adherents term “four virtues of truth:” first, that human life is basically unhappy, secondly, the cause of this unhappiness is thinking of self-interest as well shackled by lust; Third, the idea of self-interest own and lust can be pressed out when all the lust and desire can be eliminated, in Buddhism is called nirvana; fourth, weighing right, think right, speak right, do right, make a living right, trying to correct, given the true, true meditation. Can ditarnbahkan Buddhism it is open for anyone, regardless of whatever race he is, (this is what distinguishes it from Hinduism).
Some time after the death of Gautama the new religion spread slowly. In the 3rd century BC, the great Indian emperor called Ashoka power converted to Buddhism. Thanks to his support, darting swift spread of Buddhism, not only in India but also in Burma. From here agarna it spread throughout Southeast Asia, to Malaysia and Indonesia.
The wind spread the influence was not just blowing to the south but to the north, broke into Tibet, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Not up there. He mengambah China and claimed effect is not made large and from there crossed over to Japan and Korea.
While in India own new religion began to decline after about 500 influence AD even endangered in 1200. By contrast, in China and in Japan, Buddhism remained as the principal religion. Similarly, in Tibet and Southeast Asia that religion had its heyday centuries.
Buddhist teachings are not written until many centuries after the death of Gautama. Because it is easy understandable why religion is divided into various sects. Two major branches of Buddhism are Theravada branch-effects, especially in Southeast Asia and the supposed majority of Western scholars is the closest branch of the teachings of the original Buddha. Another branch of Mahayana, the weight of his influence lies in Tibet, China and Southeast Asia in general.
Buddha, the founder of one of the biggest religions in the world, certainly worth nearly level ranks top of the list this book. As the number of followers of Buddhism, lived 200 million compared with followers of Islam that 500 million number and one billion adherents of Christianity, Buddhism itself is smaller than the influence of Muhammad or Jesus. However, the number of adherents of different-if a measure were exceedingly tight-can also be misleading. For example, the demise or decline of Buddhism in India is not degenerate any slump but because Hinduism has absorbed many teachings and Buddhist principles into his body. In China too, a large number of people who no longer openly call themselves Buddhists in the practice of everyday life is actually very influenced by the philosophy of religion.
Buddhism, far ahead of both Islam and Christianity, had a very prominent pacifist elements. The views that originate on non-violence plays an important role in the political history of the countries berpenganut Buddha.