Judaism, Hunduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam

Judaism, Hunduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam info.

1.1
This is a continuation of the five world religions which I think is intresserant. I did not have much knowledge about it before, not enough anyway. My purpose in so doing are or where to get more knowledge about the different religions, factually, and that I am more self may reflect why some things are as they are. Also see the similarities and differences between the various religions. How I would learn about all this facts and draw my own conclusions and opinions about the different religions and it was by reading a lot, on the Internet, in books and see some movies too. But the issues are not going to answer you have to bring in their own interpretation and what you yourself think, but I have been able to answer most of my questions but not all.

My questions to the top was
What is a religion?
Why is religion?
When did the different religions?
How do the different religions?

I think religion has arisen because people need something to believe in, any sort of explanation for our own existence. Not just a hit and we came to the people. As a “big bang” for example. It must have been a trend or anything like that, or that you believe in Christianity that it was God who created the world. Religion is thinking about life’s origin, meaning and purpose. I would call religion as a way of life, we live by in our daily lives, what they think is right and wrong and such. It has emerged thanks to the man himself, we needed to explain our existence and the need for maybe something more, something “greater being” to create the world once thought to have?

One can draw the religion as a circle, with three circles. The inner one is to believe, the essence, so to speak. Faith is the essence of every religion, every religion is based on a belief that can not be proven, but the believers are firmly convinced that it exists. Worship is for how to worship their gods and ancestors. Each faith takes the expression in various forms, in Christianity, so is the service the most common form, but also Baptism and Confirmation. Life pattern is how people live and both believers and unbelievers are affected by religions. In Buddhist or Muslim countries have other holidays and writings that influenced the perception of what you can do and not do. In Christianity, Sunday is a holiday, that Jesus rose on Sunday. In the Christian faith is our belief about what is right or wrong under the influence of the Bible.

Judaism’s character is a Star of David, which is a 6-SCALLOPED star that include included in the flag of Israel. Some Jews also wear the Star of David around his neck as an amulet. The six-pointed star symbolizes our 4 elements belonging. The four elements are: Water, Earth, Fire and Air. It is also considered a magical character. Already in the 1300s became the Star of David a jew symbol.

3.2 Holy Book

As in most religions, there is a bible to follow, so here too. That which we call the Old Testament is what the Jews have the Bible. Their Bible is divided into 24 books which the Christians are divided into 39 books. Christianity’s “New Testament” is not included in the Jewish Bible.
Their Bible is divided into three parts:

Mishnah:
The contents of the Mishna came from four century, different interpretations of what a Rabbi (Jehuda Hannasi) taught was written down and came to include 63 chapters grouped into six groups:
• Laws and Agriculture
• Celebrations
• Women’s site
• Property and Justice
• Temple and its equipment
• Impurity.

Torah:
Torah is the most important part, and as having a divine origin. It is the law of the Jewish faith. It is written on parchment scrolls and Hebrew and contains the teaching that God gave Moses and the 10 Commandments. Torah is the most important part of the Bible, for a Jew. According to tradition, was the Jewish people the Torah after the Exodus from Egypt about 3000 years ago. On the Jewish worship they read from a Torah roll. When you read the Torah describes it at first hand how a Jew should live and not what she should believe.

Talmud:
The Talmud is a sort of interpretation of Torah. It is a great work that took almost 1,000 years to complete

3.3 God

Jews believe in God and Jesus, Jesus is the son of god. Jesus is God’s prophet, but they do not believe he is the messiah, because if he had been the Messiah would have been peace on earth and what is not. So the Jews are still waiting for the messiah to come.

3.4 Temples

The Jews have a synagogue as a sacred temple. The synagogue held the Saints Torha-rollers, they are in a box called the Ark. The synagogue was built so that you look towards Jerusalem. All the synagogues are the same the world over and people have followed patterns of worship for over 2000 years.

What is in the synagogue are:
1st A talstol front.
2nd Behind a lectern.
3rd On either side of it there are bids paintings.
4th At the far right corner is cantor bench.
5th In the left corner Rabbi bench.
6th In the middle at the back of the Ark, hidden by a curtain.
7th Above the Ark, the ceiling hangs a red light.
8th Next to the Ark, an octopus candlestick.

5th Hinduism

4.1 Symbols

Hinduism characters are ON. The word IF is assigned more often AUM. The word is used in prayer and in meditation.

4.2 Holy Book

Hinduism has the Vedas to live by. Vedas are several books and is said to be written by the gods. It is believed that they are from the 400’s f.kr to the 1500s.

Vedas consists of four books:
The oldest is: Rigveda and consists of prayers, formulas and how to sacrifice, etc.
Upanishads: Hindu reads it diligently.
Mahabharata: The world’s largest collection of poems and has more than 100 000 verses.
Bhagavadgita: The most famous little book in which Krishna is the main character.

4.3 God

There are thousands of gods in Hinduism, but the three that everyone knows. The first is the god Brahma: The creator forgot. It was he who created the plants and animals on Earth.
He worshiped not as often nowadays. The second is the god Vishnu: More than God. All Hindus worship Vishnu and believes that he is the soul of the world. The third is God: the Creator and Shiva the Destroyer.

4.4 Temples

They have temples that others all religions, but they do not look in any special way. They have, instead, the river Ganges as a holy place. It is located in Varanasi, the Hindu holy city.
There is Approximately 1500 temples. The river is said to purify the human soul.

5th Buddhism

5.1 Symbols

Buddhism’s character is Dharma wheel, it is the same as the four truths and the eightfold path. It was Buddha who sat Dharma wheels in motion.

5.2 Holy Book

They have the “three baskets” of scripture.
The scriptures contain:

1st Rules for monks and nuns.
2nd Buddha’s life and teachings of what he did and taught.
3rd Philosophical expositions of the Buddha’s thoughts and reflections on the meaning of life, life goals, etc.. The scriptures are not written by Buddha himself, but by his disciples after his death, because it is part falsehoods written in the scriptures.

5.3 God

According to Buddha, there is no god that can help people, but the only thing that can help human beings are themselves. Man pays tribute to Buddha as a saint, not a god. They do not in any god but believe in themselves and Nirvana.

5.4 Temples

Their temple is called Stupa or Dagoba. Dagoba stupa or located in a monastery and is the center there. Their walls are filled with paintings of Buddha’s life.

6th Christianity

6.1 Symbols

Christianity’s character is a cross, which symbolizes that you believe in Jesus, who died on the cross

6.2 Holy Book

The Christians have the Bible as the holy book. The word Bible comes from the Greek word Biblia, meaning: Books. The Bible contains 66 books divided into two main sections: the Old and New Testaments. The Bible is not only a sacred scripture for Christians, but is also a historical book. It gives knowledge of Jesus’ birth and the years before that. According to Christian belief, the Bible is God’s word. Christians believe fully in biblical text and that Jesus and his disciples lived.
6.3 God
We believe in the God who is creator of the earth, and Jesus is the Son of God.
Jesus is also God’s prophet.
6.4 Temples
They have their church services in a church. There is a pulpit where the priest preaches, and a cross on an altar to the east and the entrance to the west. Gatherings to have church services, weddings, baptisms, etc. and ask the church.

7th Islam

7.1 Symbols

Islam’s character is a crescent, which is a common symbol of Islam. Is also a member of their flag.

7.2 Holy Book

They have the Koran as their holy book. They read the Qur’an every Friday. They say that the Quran is Allah’s words to the people.

7.3 God

They believe in a god just like Christians, but they call their god Allah. They also believe in Jesus, but he was only a prophet. He was certainly not the son of god and the Earth’s savior. They have a prophet named Muhammad and he received their commandments, called the Koran, the angel Gabriel, who in turn had received them from Allah.

7.4 Temples

Their temples are called Mosque. The mosque is the Muslim place of worship. It can be very simple, but is usually a magnificent building with beautiful paintings. It usually has a dome with several tall, narrow towers known as Minaret. It is called to the prayer from the minaret.

9th How should we live?

9.1 Buddhism

Buddhists follow the Eightfold Path which is a holy scripture, and it goes like this:
1st right knowledge is to understand the four noble truths.
2nd right mind-set means to be free from desires and evil thoughts.
3rd right speech means to avoid lying, harsh words and empty gestures.
4th The right course is primarily not to kill, not steal and not to live unchaste.
5th legal life live it as making a living without harming other life, such as the fisherman and hunter does.
6th right effort is to fight evil and seek to constantly do the right thing.
7th Vigilance is the right to watch the body, senses, emotions and thoughts.
8th right meditation involves a complicated method to countersink itself in deeper and deeper concentration of efforts towards comprehensive peace, and exalted vision of release. It is through meditation man can attain the ultimate enlightenment.

9.2 Islam

All Muslims should try to follow the five pillars and the Court reads as follows:

1st Creed
Creed is very short. It reads in Arabic: la ilaha il allah. Muhammad rasul illah, it means: there is no god but God. Mohammed is his prophet.
You read it very often
2nd prayer
One should pray at five fixed times every day. One can pray anywhere. It asks the same thing every time, and is the same way.
3rd almsgiving
It will help those who need help. Many Muslim countries, men 2.5 percent of his wealth as a tax, gift or alms. The tax known as zakat.
4th Lent
Ramadan is this year’s fasting month. During Ramadan fasting one day, from sunrise until it goes down. Muslims believe that it is healthy both physically and spiritually to fast.
5th pilgrimage
at least once in a lifetime, every Muslim who can, to visit Mecca. It is during a special month of the pilgrimage takes place. The Road to Mecca is the pilgrimage. Most Muslims can never make the pilgrimage, because they are too poor or have poor health.

9.3 Hinduism

A Hindu should:
• Sacrifice and pray to the gods.
• Participate in religious festivals and rites.
• Obey their parents and reverence for old age and wisdom.
• Be helpful and loyal to others within the same family and caste.

A Hindu should not:
• Eating meat
• Drinking alcohol (in most Indian states is a prohibition of alcohol).
• Lie.
• Stealing.
• Damage or kill any living being.

9.4 Judaism

They live by the Torah-roller rules, and they say: They should follow God’s laws and regulations. Eg not to eat pork and unclean animals, as Torah-rollers determines which. They may not eat black pudding and other blood meals.
There are two kinds of Jews:
strong believer and not as strong believers. One would think that it is accurate bore only for obeying God’s laws, but a Jew will not say no to a good party and rock out really well sometimes, but tend, however, to the laws.

9.5 Christianity

The Christians follow the Ten Commandments from the Bible here goes it:
1st You shall have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image or any likeness of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I am the Lord thy God am a jealous God, who let the punishment for debt fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands who love Me and keep My commandments.
2nd You shall not misuse the Lord thy God’s name, for the Lord will not leave the guiltless who misuses his name.
3rd Remember to keep the Sabbath day holy. Six days you shall labor and do all thy work, but the seventh day is the Lord your God, the Sabbath. On it you shall not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor your maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor immigrant in your cities. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth and sea and all that is in them, but on the seventh day He rested. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it a holy day.
4th Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
5th You shall not kill.
6th You shall not commit adultery.
7th You shall not steal.
8th You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9th You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.
10th You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his manservant or his maidservant, his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor

Conclusion

Similarities and differences

Faith and life

• Christianity, Islam and Judaism are monotheistic (believe in one God) – These stones have a lot in common as the Old Testament and the writings, Islam also believe that Jesus is an important prophet. Unlike Jews who believe that Jesus never existed. They wait for the messiah.

• In Buddhism the gods are not so important as in these three religions. Hinduism believe however in a lot of Gods and means polytheistic.

• Islam – Koran contains laws and important events that we live by.
• Hinduism – Has a whole host of different publications such as the Vedas, but no one can be “alive” after.
• Buddhism – Has a whole host of special editions like this, no one “lives” after.
• Judaism – the Old Testament, also called Torah, which contains the laws that we live by.
• Christianity – the Bible, which contains the New Testament and the Old Testament, they live not after that as strongly as the Koran and the Torah.

Prayers
• Hinduism and Buddhism do not have any similar or very prayers, they have more old stories such as myths about the Buddha and Brahma.
• Judaism and Christianity have similar prayers as Creed, they also have similar commandments. The so-called Ten Commandments words.

Marriages
• Marriage in the Muslim and Hindu homes are on the will of their parents and are often arranged, they may not marry anyone but they must be from the same social level type to live in the same way.

• For both Jews and Muslims, Jerusalem is a holy city. When the Muslims captured the area, they built a mosque on the mountain of the Jews’ holy Temple, the Temple of Solomon, was before the Roman conquest. The mosque was, due. its location, name of Dome of the Rock and remains today.

How should we live?
• Hinduism, Christianity and Buddhism are three common law and it is not to lie, steal or kill.
• Buddhism and Christianity have the same common and that is to not commit adultery.
The Hindus and the Christians mention two about being faithful to their god and not have anyone else and Hindus should sacrifice to their gods.

10th Victims

10.1 Buddhism

You do not sacrifice to any gods, according to Buddha, there is no god that can help one to Nirvana. After death, are reborn you if you have not met the target Nirvana.

10.2 Judaism

You do not have any sacrificial rites, or any sacrifice demands. After death, you end up in heaven if you have lived a good life.

10.3 Islam

It uses no victims rewards when you pray to their god. After death, you end up in heaven.

10.4 Hinduism

The sacrifices and pray to the gods but you do not use people to sacrifice. Their god need blood sacrifice, every Friday sacrificed goats at kalitemplet. After death man is reborn as another person or animal, how to reborn depends on how people lived in the past life, how much karma they have.
But the positive is that they are not sacrificing, eating or slaughtering cows. They believe that the cow is sacred, it is a symbol of motherhood and tenderness. The Hindus eat not meat. The cow is only an advantage for them because it provides milk, fertilizer and fuel (burning of dried dung).

10.5 Christianity

It sacrifices nothing to God or Jesus, but simply ask. After death, it will take you to heaven and God’s halls, where it lives on. If you have been a bad one can end up with Satan instead.

11th Jesus and Buddha

1.11 Similarities:
• Both had apprentices.
• Both died before their apprentices.
• Both had a message for the people.
• Both are great prophets.

2.11 differences
• Buddha taught people not to believe in a god without believing in themselves.
• Jesus taught people to believe in his god and no other.
• Buddha himself chose to go his way to not believe in any god.
• Jesus grew up to follow their god and be his prophet.

Own taste

I like Jesus and Buddha are different, but they have their similarities as you can see this when you take a good look. I believe the Buddha’s message was that you may believe what you want and not having to follow what someone else believes. That you will not be able to blame someone else one himself. He may also wish that one should not believe in any god, but it was well for the people to open their eyes and see for yourself if there was no God. Buddha came to the eightfold path to continue to lead his people on the right track.

Jesus, which was against a person who wants the people to believe in the god that he knew existed. He was a counselor who wanted his people well and believed that his god was the right path for its people. By god it was the ten commandments words that would keep people on the right path through life.

12th Reflections

How should we live?
In my opinion, I think to live as a Jew is much more rigorous and strict than to live as a Christian. It is probably that the Jews have a stronger faith in their God and live the Torah that have more stringent rules than the Bible, I think. But it also depends on how strong you have been raised by his religion from his parents during his childhood. For example, Christians eat what they want and spreads her not to meat and dairy products. They are solid, but it has all the other other religions also, in all cases, Islam, Judaism and Christianity. But otherwise, they eat meat and they do not have a rule that they must not eat pork, which Muslims do not get. Muslims are also more stringent in their living and they may not do as you please, as a woman, for example, must wear headscarves and not show your face, you have to take care of the household and children. Christians do not live as today but may have been stricter further back in time. How Buddhist women live I do not know but I think they do not have as Muslims. But a Buddhist or a Buddhist monk who is living in his special way that no other religions do. For a monk, he is trying to naturally achieve Nirvana, wipe their selfish needs, because they work, lectures, meditation and the acquisition not even own meals if they do not fix it, but usually it is so that people donate food or cooking for the monks. Therefore, Buddhism is a bit different than the other for other religions because I think that Buddhism is more a lifestyle than a religion because they do not believe in any more “higher power” that think that if humans are the eight rules and myself will be in Nirvana and may end the suffering.

Victims

I think that one should not sacrifice, yet I think they are the same as when you have to kill animals when they reach for many. But I do not think it is right to kill an innocent animal just because their god will feel better. I eat meat because I think it’s good and there are more foods that vary in between, but I do not like knowing that what I eat has been a living animal. However, I understand why Hindus do not eat meat but still can kill an animal! Today, there are not people who are victims and we will be delighted.

Other

The paper has been tough at times when I have not found my answers to different questions, or when the facts say different, you simply sit down and figure out yourself what may be right, and it has not been easy. Trying to see if Moses was told differently in the three religions: Islam, Judaism or Christianity. It was difficult because the facts on the Internet declared him equally, but it was in Swedish, which may be an explanation. But if I had been able to read Islam’s language so maybe I had been able to find differences. Moses is an outstanding chapter.

This work was very interesting and it made me think from time to time. I am very doubtful if there were no gods. It could have been someone back in the past who wanted to get answers to why we humans live on earth, and that person might be found in everything about God and the whole story to get a response and help others to have a belief. The Bible says that God did miracles and talked to different people. Why has not heard of God in this time that we now live in? If there were a god that has giant-sized forces why he does not stop wars or assist any disease in the world?