According to the Testament canon, children belonging to the canon of New Testament and accepted by the Christian churches was laid, wrapped in a blanket, in a grave dug in the rock, their bodies after being asked by Jesus of Arimathea Pontius Pilate, Prefect of the Roman province of Judea.
According to the Gospel of Matthew, Pilate also agreed to put opposite the tomb an armed guard at the insistence of the “chief priests and the Pharisees”, to prevent the followers of Jesus stolen his body and spread the rumor that he had risen.
All the Gospels (John, Mark, Matthew and Luke) agree that the Sunday after the Sabbath (day of rest for Jews), Mary Magdalene, one of his closest disciples and other followers (this actually varies according to the Gospel ) went to the tomb to anoint the dead body with perfumes, finding displaced stone that closed the tomb and empty it.
With the resurrection of Jesus Christ were fulfilled, according to the authors of the New Testament, some prophecies contained in certain books of the Old Testament.
Veracity of the Gospels
Jesus, like many other prominent philosophers and religious leaders of antiquity, he left no legacy in the form of writing his own handwriting, so all that is known of it is due to texts written by other authors.
According to probabilistic estimates of all these texts, the first accounts of Jesus (some letters of Paul) are in about twenty years after the probable date of his death. The prevailing view in academia is that it is a historical figure, whose life and message were significantly altered by the drafters of the sources, who are motivated by religious interests.
In turn, the Gospels of Mark, Matthew and Luke, very similar among them, are subject to some controversy since it is usually dated between 70 and 90, while John, with more developed theological ideas, is somewhat later . There are also a number of gospels apocryphal or not accepted into the canon of the New Testament, ie, not accepted by Catholic orthodoxy to emerge in the Gnostic communities (one of the early Christian communities), who also narrated the life of Jesus.
The Talpiot Tomb
In 1980, during the construction of the housing, appeared in Talpiot, a suburb of Jerusalem, a tomb with a chevron (or Cabrion ^) and a circle at its input. In it, they found 10 ossuaries, six of which had inscriptions of names.
Before it was sealed again, these polls were taken to the Israel Antiquities Department and the remains were found in them were again buried in the traditional Jewish ritual.
In Jerusalem two millennia ago and according to Jewish law the bodies were buried in family tombs carved into the rock, where they remained shrouded for a year to decompose.
A year later, after the body decayed, the bones were collected by relatives and placed in a stone box called “ossuary.” In this urn is inscribed occasional nickname which was known the deceased and was placed inside a niche, and rest forever in the family tomb.
The inscriptions on the Talpiot tomb, although carried out in a very crude, is believed to represent the following names:
Yeshua bar Yosef – Jesus son of Joseph (written in Aramaic, Hebrew and Semitic language spoken by Jesus).
Mary – Mary (written in Hebrew)
Matia – Matthew (nickname or Matikia Mattithiah)
Yosa – José (unusual diminutive Joset)
Mariamene e Mara – Maria (written in Greek, Mariamne minus) and Mara (master in Aramaic)
Yehuda bar Yeshua – Judas son of Jesus (found in small ossuary)
James bar Joseph – James son of Joseph (found later and associated with the same grave)
At that time, not paid much attention to such series of names because they were quite common at the time, so they were forgotten.
Discussion about the ossuaries
Supporters of the existence of the family tomb of Jesus (originally raised in a BBC documentary in 1996 and in 2007 by director James Cameron and Simcha Jacobovici, both Jewish) argue that the remains of Jesus were taken by his disciples to find an eternal rest, which contradicts the canonical gospels. Gospel According to Matthew, the guards reported the appearance of an angel announcing the resurrection and the advice given much money for them to say that the body of Jesus had been stolen and taken in secret by his disciples (Matthew 28: 11 – 15) , presumably for a permanent burial.
Such a theory makes it unusual to associate the name Yosa the brother of Jesus. According to the Gospels, Jesus had with Simon, Joseph, Judas and James as brothers. The name of the associated Mariamne with Mary Magdalene to appear in the apocryphal Gospel of Philip, which refers to its origin, Magdala, commercial city which spoke Greek and Aramaic. Mara, in turn, would refer to the same Mary, being an apostle (as the Apocrypha).
They argue that Mary died in Jerusalem after his trip to France, according to the Gospel of Philip, written in the fourth century and which tells the story of Mary Magdalene.
Analyzed bone samples contained in the ossuaries of Jesus and Mariamne, finding that their DNA is not genetically related, which is unusual because it is a family tomb, so that they associated this to her marriage. The existence of an ossuary with the name Matthew is associated with a relative of Mary, being a common name in your family.
Also associated with the chevron with circle found at the entrance to the tomb with the symbol used by early Christians, followers of Jesus, found in other ossuaries from the same period.
With all this, Professor Andrey Feuerverger (also Jewish) and probability math specialist at the University of Toronto, estimated that the probability of finding such a set of related names was about one in 300,000, so it had to be necessarily that of Jesus , if we also took into account that this was almost the population of Jerusalem 2,000 years ago