Days of The Jewish Kingdom

Jewish Feast is a certain time that is celebrated exclusively by Jews to commemorate a particular event.

The Sabbath is a Jewish holiday that meant a day of freedom from work, just as God rested on the 7th day of the creation. Jews celebrate the Sabbath every Saturday [1] The Sabbath reminds man of his ability to rest., Starting from sunset on Friday until sunset on Saturday. The Jews clean their homes in preparation to welcome the Sabbath. In addition, they also prepared foods are better than usual.

During this time, everyone is forbidden to perform 39 types of activities. Due to light a fire and cook including kegoatan activities, then the Jews cooking them the day before.

In addition to the Sabbath which takes place every Saturday, there is also the so-called Sabbath year that lasted for seven years. This year, all existing plants in the field can be enjoyed by everyone (not limited to its owner only). All yields are obtained in the know is also forbidden to trade. In addition, at the end of the year, all debts held by a person is deemed to have paid off.
Jewish New Year

The Israelites were familiar with the new 4-year, namely:

1 Nisan (the first month) as well as religious new year new year Jewish calendar;
1 Elul (6th month) as the tenth new year ox, or also known as the birthday of all animals;
1 Tisyri (month 7) (Rosh Hashanah) as the new year of civil society and of the king, so the moon is better known as the first month. As the months-7, this month ranks as the Sabbath months and devoted to the remembrance of Allah and the universe.
15 Syebat (11th month) as the new crop year (Rosh ha-la-Ilanot ShaNah) (also called Tu B’Shevat feast);

The main article for this section are: Passover
Supplies Passover.

Easter (Greek: Πάσχα Paskha) or Hebrew (Passover means skipping, which is the story of God smote the firstborn of Egypt. According to the Jewish calendar, this celebration always begins on the 14th of Nisan, which coincided or clashed 1-2 days before or after the full moon and lasts for one week.

The main feature of the celebration of Easter is eating with friends at their homes were carried out at night. The main course was lamb in celebration of Easter and Passover are called modest. Before doing this celebration (a few hours before 14 Nisan), the Passover lamb was slaughtered in the Temple and its blood sprinkled on the altar. However, this tradition did not last longer (or at least not done anymore in the Temple) from the collapsed temple in 70 AD. However, this tradition can still be found in the Samaritan community that does not slaughter the sacrificial animals in the Temple.
Implementation of Worship Passover
The unleavened bread.

As a preparation for this celebration, each family slaughters a sheep or goat a year old and smeared its blood on the doorposts of their homes both. They roast complete with heads and guts .. In the meantime, the children look for the remnants of yeast bread in the house and throw (benedikat chametz) while the hostess lit Easter candle (ha-nerot hadlakat) followed by a blessing of candles and the first cup of wine (kaddesh) and washing hands (urchatz ). The first is the breaking of bread and eat unleavened (yachatz) and search afikomen (dessert hidden in unleavened bread) and then proceed to eat salad dipped in vinegar and salt water as an appetizer. Later, the guests eat bitter herbs and haroseth, ie mixing walnuts, fruits, and wine.
A Jewish family Passover festival implement.

Then the youngest child in the family (usually already prepared) asked his father or grandfather with the following question: “On other nights, we eat leavened bread or unleavened bread, but why is this night we eat only unleavened bread? On another night, we eat food cooked, baked, or boiled, but why is this night only roasted dishes? On another night, we dye only once, but why tonight we double dipping? ” After listening to the questions, the father tells the story of the enslavement of the Israelites in Egypt. After the story is finished, the whole family drank both wine (maggid) and wash your hands a second time (rachtzah) and followed by the blessing and eating unleavened bread (motzi or matsah), eating bitter herbs (maror) and dessert (korech).

Once this stage has ended, followed by a festival banquet stage (shulcan orech) and takes afikomen. [3] After the meal, the whole family drinking wine and invite the prophet Elijah third (barech). [3] Among the stage drinking and eating, sung Psalm Praise (Hallel) taken from Psalms 113-114 in the first and Psalms 115-118 at the close of the Psalms of Easter.

Last dish was the Passover lamb a year old. After that, sung psalms of praise and drank wine four (nirtzah). All food scraps are left until the next day burned.
Feast of Unleavened Bread (Hag Hammassot)
The main article for this section are: The Feast of Unleavened Bread

Festival of Unleavened Bread (Hag Hammassot) is part of the Jewish celebration of spring that lasts between 15 to 21 Nisan. During this period, Jews eat unleavened bread to remind them how they did not have time to develop their bread in their preparations to leave Egypt.
Harvesting Festival

Wheat Harvesting Festival or mowing (possibly celebrated to coincide with the celebration of Unleavened Bread) associated with the harvest tanaman.Hari highway used for calculating the feast of the seven weeks of harvest. The next night, the so-called second simplistic, dirayakanlah Day One Omer (lag ba omer = bushel of barley) with a bushel of barley to the Temple to be dedicated. This is the beginning of the day of Pentecost, for the next fifty days harnya is, the wheat harvest festival on the fiftieth day.
Pentecost (Shavuot)
The main article for this section are: Shavuot

Pentecost (Shavuot) is the wheat harvest feast on the fiftieth day since the first Sabbath after Passover. This celebration is also known as the celebration of the seven weeks since the wheat harvest done on the seventh week after planting in the spring. The celebration was celebrated with a banquet Tobit 2:1 and visited Jerusalem Acts 2:5-11. Banquet held is provided for everyone Deuteronomy 16:9-11.

In addition to a harvest festival, is celebrated as the day of Pentecost also decrease the Ten Commandments (the Law). Thus, the festival is also meant as a celebration of the history of salvation.

This celebration can last for two days [6] and the closing period of Passover.
Day-to-Day Major (High Holy Days)

Days of the Great Kingdom (also called the “Days of Awe”) is a series of festival which lasts for ten days beginning on the 1st Tisyri. The series was initiated by the festival of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur closed by.

At the festival circuit, everyone was asked to wear modest clothes to show their humility to Allah. In fact, on the day of Yom Kippur, they do not wear leather and jewelry at all.

At this time, the Jews spend most of their time during the day in the Synagogue. [5]
Folk Festival New Year (Rosh Hashanah)
The main article for this section are: Rosh Hashanah
A Shofar, flute blown on the Jewish New Year celebrations.

Etymologically, Rosh Hashanah means the “beginning of the year”. This feast is a festival opener major feast days. The feast is also often referred to as Yom Teruah (Day of Blowing Shofar), Yom Hazikarom (Given Day), Yom Hadim (Day of Judgment), or Ianim Nora’im (Day Ten Days of Repentance).

This feast is the most important feast in the Jewish feasts. This celebration is also a celebration of the new year’s most festive and solemn celebration of the new year than with another. In addition to commemorating the day of creation of the universe, this day also commemorated the Day of Resurrection. The feast was held for two days.

At this celebration, flute called the shofar is blown in synagogues throughout the day as a mark of celebration. In addition, there are other meanings of the shofar blew that day:

God crowned as the king of the day;
Opener period of ten days of regret and repentance;
Torah was given at Sinai with shofar accompaniment;
The prophets compare them with the news shofar blast;
The soldiers who destroyed the Temple shofar sounds;
Given the sacrificial lamb as a substitute sacrifice of Isaac;
Given Amos 3:6;
The Lord’s Day is a day of blowing of the shofar Zephaniah 1:14-16;
Great Shofar is a time of messianic Isaiah 27:13;
Shofar will be sounded at the resurrection.

Festival of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
The main article for this section is: Yom Kippur
Paintings with the theme of Yom Kippur made by Maurycy Gottlieb (1878)

This feast day is celebrated every 10th Tisyri and interests aligned with the Sabbath, and even called the Sabbath of all Sabbaths. Today it is also regarded as the most sacred day of the year, as well as cover the Jewish New Year festival. The whole celebration was centered in the synagogue and the officers wore a white robe (kitel) and people are required to maintain silence. In the celebration of Yom Kippur, as the culmination of the festival great feasts, Jews were required to do fasting and do prayers continuously until midnight. Jewels should not be used at this time, at least in the Synagogue.

Second most important thing in this celebration are two cows (or goats) were castrated. Calf first used as a sin offering and the other bulls used as burnt offerings and selected “duties” in a manner drawn first. ox that falls into the burnt offering is slaughtered, and its blood dilumurkan up the ark cover. Slaughtering is done by the high priest and the priests of the tribe of Levi. Not slaughtered the ox second, but reviled, insulted, and cursed by all the people of Israel before it is released by someone who is already selected. It symbolizes all the sins he brought the Israelites into the desert.

The following are the things that need to be done during this holiday:

Focusing on the conversion yourself.
Reproduce charity and good deeds.
Reading stories inspired to repent.
We recommend that you do not use a lot of time to learn mussar, although it is recommended to learn every day.
Learn about prayer to understand its meaning.
Tdiak confession made only for major sins, but minor sins, and even behaviors that we are not sure if it’s a sin or not.
Write down their commitment to the year ahead and see if they’ve done what they Commit for a year.

Festival of Tabernacles (Sukkot)
The main article for this section are: the Feast of Tabernacles
Photos of a Sukkah.

Feast of Tabernacles (Hebrew: סוכות or סֻכּוֹת, Sukkot) or the celebration of the feast of tabernacles was a Jew who is a thanksgiving celebration for Israel over the harvest is celebrated for seven days at the full moon in the months of September and October. This celebration begins four days after Yom Kippur celebration. In celebration of the grape harvest this collection, the memory of the time in the wilderness wanderings Leviticus 23:33-44. [3] this holiday celebration is excited.

Every Jewish men built a hut (Sukkah) three-walled and has a roof made of palm branches and foliage. The lodges are set to welcome guests seven mystical, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Aaron, Joseph, and David, who is believed to be coming to the cottage made it as long as the festival lasts.

The main theme of the festival is to welcome the winter. Every morning, the priests carrying the water from Siloam and poured it on the altar as a cult. On the last day, after the priests circled the altar seven times, they pray for rains in winter. On each night, four torches lit.

The first two days are considered as a holiday, and many activities are prohibited. On the eighth day, the celebration concludes with the Eighth Day of Solemn Communion (Shemini azeret). On this day, people do not work and just pray for rains.
Torah Joy festival

This celebration is a celebration of the end of the reading of the Torah for a year liturgical cycle. For the Jews who are in Israel, this feast is held in conjunction with the Eighth Day of Solemn Communion (Shemini azeret), but for Diaspora Jews, the feast is celebrated the day after Shemini azeret.

At this celebration, “The Bride of the law” (Torah carvings) and “The Bride of the Book of Genesis” (carvings Beresyit)-titles for people who read the final sentence (as well as the opening sentence) Torah-was hailed as a king.
Temple Festival (Hanukah)
The main article for this section are: Hanukah
A Menorah.

Temple Festival (Hanukkah) or too often dusebut ordination celebrated temple in Jerusalem on 25 Chislev for 8 days. The celebration was celebrated in conjunction with Advent or Christmas feast even so it is often mistakenly referred to as the Jewish Christmas. This festival is celebrated as a commemoration of Judas Maccabees cleanse and rebuild the Temple which was destroyed by their opponents. In celebration of this, people carrying sticks berarakan decorated palm fronds, sacrifices, and sang to the accompaniment of musical instruments. The celebration was held in the home of each family.

In homes and in the synagogue, there Menorah (candle with eight extra arm on the left and right sides) that were lit one by one each day during this celebration (similar to the habit of lighting candles one by one each week in commemoration of Advent). The houses and the temple was filled with the light of candles and decorations. On the eighth day, the light from all the candles have been lit all coupled with sunlight and other lights of the temple filled the room with bright lights so that the holiday is also often referred to as rites of light.
Festival Feast of lots (Purim)

Festival Feast of lots (Purim) diarayakan on 13-15 Adar, or ahead of the Jewish New Year. On the 13th, the people of fasting but festival celebrated on December 14 and 15. In Esther 3:7, told party struggles and the struggles associated with the Jewish diaspora in a foreign land. In tanggal14, roll the Book of Esther (Megillat Esther) is read.

At this party, everyone drank as much to get drunk and no longer able to distinguish between Haman and blessing curse on Mordecai. Esther 9:19 tells procedures this celebration, in which the Jewish community held a banquet and inter-deliver food to their neighbors.
National Day of Grief (Tisha B’Av)

National Day of Grief (”Tish! A B’Av”, Tesha be-Ab) was pengenangan the suffering of the Jews held on 9 Ab. In the synagogue, read the Book of Lamentations of Jeremiah the prophet, and everyone fasted on this day. In this feast, Jews commemorate the destruction of the First Temple (586 BCE) and second (70 M), the rebel massacre of Jews by Rome (135), the expulsion of the Jews from Spain (1492), and other sad events that happened to the people Jewish. On this day, Jews fasted before sunset and lasts for 25 hours, until sunset the next day. Mourning and fasting conditions is emphasized at the time of evening prayer (Ma’ariv) and the Amidah prayer before reading the Book of Lamentations.